Nepal Trekking Tour
 
 

Nepal Travel Information

Places to see in Nepal

There are basically two types of tourist destinations which will be of interest for visitors. The first group is the places where we have our world heritage sites, historical monuments and places of cultural interest. The second group is our natural heritages and places of scenic beauty and great landscapes. Places of tourist interest in the mountains of Nepal are not mentioned in this page. You will find them on the home page of this site.

Inside Kathmandu valley 
The Kathmandu valley consists of three medieval cities of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur and other small towns of Panauti, Dhulikhel , Kirtipur etc  on its outskirts.
These three cities are like open museum of medieval arts, culture and tradition.
There are seven world heritage sites declared by UNESCO within a periphery of about thirty kilometer in this valley.

Kathmandu

Kathmandu, the capital and the largest city of Nepal, derives its name from Kasthmandapa or "house of wood" a pagoda-style temple you can see in Durbar square. A few steps away are the Temple of the Living Goddess, where the clients may catch a glimpse of the living goddess Kumari at one of the open windows overlooking the inner courtyard. All around the splendor of historical monuments is the hustle & bustle of the market place. Vegetable vendors, trees of flutes, salesmen with their wares displayed on their person, souvenir hawkers, and street shop selling imported goods and tucked away in a quiet corner the glittering bead market for custom made bead necklaces.

Bhaktapur

Bhaktapur or Bhadgaon meaning the "city of devotees" lies 14 km east of Kathmandu.This well preserved city is the home of medieval art & architecture and still retains its rich medieval aroma. A city of farmers, Bhaktapur is also known for its pottery and weaving. Bhaktapur is the most charming and the best preserved of the valley’s three cities. The intricately carved temples, alleyways and timeless atmosphere of this place is simply intriguing. The major sightseeing places in Bhaktapur are The Durbar square, the Golden Gate, Palace of 55 windows, Bell of the barking dogs, 5 storied Nyatapole Temple, Bhairavanath Temple, Dattatrya Temple, Pujari Math etc Bhaktapur can be done along with a hike to Changunarayan temple or a visit to Nagarkot.

Patan

Patan is also known as Lalitpur or the "city of fine arts" and is the oldest city in the valley. This Buddhist City is said to have been founded by the Buddhist  Emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BC. Patan is the source of arts and architecture of the valley, a great center both of the Newari Buddhist religion and of traditional arts & crafts with 136 bahals or courtyards and 55 major temples. Well known among these are the Krishna Mandir, Hiranya Varna Mahavihar, Kumbheshwar temple, Jagatnarayan temple & the Mahabouddha temple. Patan is enclosed within 4 Buddhist stupas set on the four-corners of the outer boundaries of this ancient city. A tour of Patan would also include a visit to the Tibetan refugee camp to witness the hand weaving of Tibetan carpets using age-old methods of dyeing and finishing.The central zoo of nepal is near by and has interesting varities of wild animals.

Swoyambhunath Stupa

About 45 min of walk from city centre, atop a green hillock west of Kathmandu stands the great stupa of Swayambhunath, a site over 2,500 years old marking the point where the legendary patriarch Manjushri discovered the lotus of the ancient Valley Lake. For centuries an important center of Buddhist learning, the painted eyes of the Buddha gaze out from all four sides of the monument. Constructed to specific rules each with a symbolic meaning, the stupa of Swayambhunath is a model of its kind. The whole is hung with multi-colored prayer flags who's every flutter releases holy prayers. The faithful circumambulate the stupa clockwise, turning the banks of prayer wheels and even prostrating full-length in reverence. 
Swoyambhunath commands great view of Kathmandu valley and the Himalayas and a visit around sunset time will be highly enjoyed.   

Bouddhanath stupa

The stupa of Bodhanath lies 8 km east of Kathmandu. It is the biggest Stupa in Nepal and the Pilgrimmage centre for great number of Tibetan refugees living in Nepal., Many Tibetan Lamas and Rinpoches reside in surrounding area.Kathmandu is a better place than Tibet or even Dharmashala to learn Tibetan Buddhism as the atmosphere here is not politically charged.This colossal Stupa is set on concentric ascending terraces in the powerful pattern of a Mandala. Around the base of this strikingly enormous and simple stupa is a ring of 108 images of the Buddha and 147 insets

Pashupatinath temple

It is situated 5 kms east of Kathmandu on the banks of the sacred Bagmati River. The temple of lord Shiva, Pashupatinath, with a tiered golden roof & silver doors is famous for its superb architecture. Entrance to the temple precinct is forbidden to non-Hindus. The best view is from the terrace on the wooded hill across the river. The large gilded triple-roofed temple was built in 1696 AD though 300 years earlier there was a structure on this site. The Bagmati River is lined with dharmasalas and cremation ghats .There is usually a cremation in progress on one of the platforms by the river, regarded as holy as it flows into the sacred Ganges. There are many occasions when the faithful take ritual baths in the river. One of the most colorful is the women's festival of Teej when dressed in their finest red and gold saris hundreds of women, laughing and singing converge on Pashupatinath. Another great time to be here is the Festival of Shivaratri, the birthday of lord Shiva. 

Changunarayan temple

18 kms east of Kathmandu and a 45 minutes walk up from Bhaktapur lies the beautiful temple of Changunarayan , at the end of a ridge.Changunarayan is the oldest temple in Kathmandu valley dating back 467 AD. The lavishly decorated two-tiered temple was rebuilt after a fire in 1702,  testifies to the considerable talents of the Licchavi King Mandeva I, Nepal’s first great historical figure. The temple stands in a spacious courtyard, with priceless stone sculptures,and writings on copper plates and stone slabs  from the 4th to 9th century A.D. (Licchavi period). produced masterpieces that were entirely. Changunaryan is a world heritage site declared by UNESCO. There is a pleasant day hike from Nagarkot to Changunarayan.

Dakshinkali temple

Dakshinkali is 45-minute drive south from Kathmandu. Located inside a lovely forest at the confluence of two streams, the shrine of Dakshinkali is the most spectacular of all Kali temples. Animal sacrifices are offered to this deity signifying fertility and the procreative powers of the Female, every Tuesday & Saturday. The animals are presented to the priest who will ritually decapitate them with a khukuri knife & bathe the black stone image of Kali in blood.  

Bungmati and Khokana and Pharping

The twin villages of Bungmati & Khokana date from the 16th century and are located south of Kathmandu, down a rutty road dotted with Chaityas. Bungmati is the winter home of lord Rato Machhendranath, the protector God of Patan. The shrine of Karya Binayak is located between the two villages. At Khokana ancient oil presses can be seen at work in village houses.  Bungmati , Khokana and the nearby village of Pharping are the places to see traditional Newari villages in their traditional way.
Budhanilkantha  
9 km north of Kathmandu in a small pond at the foot of the Shivapuri Hills lies the half-submerged massive black stone statue of the reclining Vishnu resting on a bed of snakes. Worshippers strew the sleeping Vishnu with offerings of flowers & rice. It is a monumental sculpture from the Lichhavi period
Kirtipur
Perched on twin hillocks and clinging to a saddle about 5 km south west of Kathmandu lies the village of Kirtipur. A long flight of steps leads up to Kirtipur from the valley floor & a motorable road goes part way up the hill. Steep paths link brick houses built on terraces. The villagers dressed in traditional costume work on ancient looms. The people are well known for their strength and valour. Many historical battles were fought and won by the inhabitants of Kirtipur.  
Kopan Monastery  
A center of Mahayana Buddhism was established in 1969 by two Lamas; Lama Thupten Zopa Rinpoche & Lama Thupten Yeshe. Since its inception the center has been responsible for introducing thousands to Buddha's teaching through meditation courses, lectures & retreats.  
Snakhu  
Hills surround the sleepy village of Sankhu, once on the trade route east to Helambu. Forests above the village hide an important temple to the tantric goddess, Bajra Jogini. Follow the wide stone path north of the village and walk up the steps to the temple, flanked with smaller shrines, stupas and statues. The main structure is 17th century and has a fine golden torana above the door. Behind the temple there are other

Shivapuri  
Shivapuri, at a height of 2,732m, allows one a 360 degree view of the Himalaya in the north & the Kathmandu valley in the south.  The trail up to Shivapuri hill leads through small farming villages & a protected forest of Rhododendrons & orchids with little mountain streams running through it.  This can be made into a most enjoyable full day's programme. 

Namo Buddha  
Namo Buddha meaning "hail to the Buddha" a sacred site, where according to legend Buddhist prince sacrificed his body to feed a starving tigress & her cubs. A carved stone slab at the main stupa depicts the moving story.Buddhist pilgrims  from all over the hills visit this stupa.It is a lovely day hike from Dhulikhel to Namobuddha and back to Panauti.
Nagarkot  
The tiny settlement of Nagarkot clings to a hilltop 36 kms east of Kathmandu at an altitude of 2100m. It is one of the best vantage point to view the peaks - from the Annapurnas to Everest, the peaks seem no more than a day's walk away.The sunset and sunrise view  over the Himalayan panorama from Nagarkot is a memory of lifetime for many. It is also possible to do a day hike from Nagarkot to Dhulikhel along the valley rim.

 Dhulikhel  
30 kms east of Kathmandu lies the small resort town of Dhulikhel set on a hill top, enveloped in copper soiled terraces with magnificent views of the central Himalayan peaks. Dhulikhel is well known for its sunrise views and a number of day trails lead along the north ridge of the town.

Panauti
Panauti is a quiet town near Dhulikhel and it can be visited on Namobuddha hike.Many tourists have no idea of this interesting l town with its beautiful temples and picturesque farmlands.
The banks of the river are packed with temples, shrines and cremation ghats. Across the river lies the recently restored Brahmayani temple. The Indreshwar Mahadev temple is a 15th century Newari structure with exquisite woodcarvings
Outside Kathmandu valley

Daman  

For those seeking the ultimate pan Himalayan view, Daman is the place to visit. Located 80kms southwest of the Kathmandu valley, Daman (2,400m) offers the only unimpeded view of the entire Himalayan range. Daman is located on the Tribhuvan Highway  between Kathmandu and the town of Hetauda. There is a view tower fitted with long range telescopes.  

Pokhara

Pokhara valley is a scenic 6-hour mountainside drive or a 25 minute flight west of Kathmandu. It is famous for its lakes and its location beneath the towering Annapurna massif. It is highly recommendable to visit this scenic valley, stay in small resort hotels with views of the magnificent Himalayan peaks, go boating on the calm waters of the Phewa and the Begnas lakes or go on tours or day hikes in the nearby hills or if time permits, on a well organized trekking holiday to the base camp of the annapurnas.

Further 12 km east of Pokhara at the end of a road that turns north from highway to Kathmandu lies the Begnas Lake offering the perfect nature retreat because of its elative seclusion. Splendid hiking, boating and fishing opportunities can be found here. Trekking of different duration can be organised from Pokhara.

Gorkha
Gorkha is a interesting and historical town and lies about 5 hours drive from Kathmandu .Nepal was unified by a Gorkha King some 240 years ago. The historical palace is perched on a high rock .The palace and the temples stunningly beautiful and have a great view of Himalayas.It is one of the hidden jewels of Nepal not visited by many tourists.

Chitwan

About a 5 hour drive or a 30 min flight from Kathmandu lies the Chitwan National Park.This tropical national park is the home of rhinos, different species of deer, crocodile, leopard, Bengal tiger, peacock, wild cow, wild boar and a great number of bird species.More than 450 bird species are found in this National lpark.An elephant back safari in this park is highly recommended for every visitor in Nepal.Chitwan is at a distance of about 4-5 hour drive from Lumbini or Pokhara.

Tansen 

Tansen, a colourful hill town is situated at an altitude of 1,450m. It is the most popular summer resort in western Nepal on account of its location and climate. It has the most extensive views of the country’s chief attraction the Himalaya; from Dhaulagiri in the west to Gaurishankar in the north east. Walking around Tansen town is interesting or short day hike to Ridi can be a rewarding experience. It takes just five hours by car from Pokhara to reach Tansen or just a couple of hours drive from Lumbini.  

Lumbini

Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Gautam Buddha, is the pilgrimage destination of the world’s millions of Buddhists. The main attraction at Lumbini remains the sacred garden spread over 8 sq. kms and possessing all the treasures of this historical area. The Mayadevi temple (under reconstruction) is the main attraction for pilgrims and archaeologists alike. This site, identified by the Indian Emperor Ashoka’s commemorative pillar is listed as a world heritage site by UNESCO. To the south of the pillar, we find the sacred pond Puskarni, where Queen Mayadevi had her bath just before giving birth to the Buddha. Other attractions include the various monasteries and stupas erected by different Buddhist countries.  

Is Nepal Safe for Traveling?

Is Nepal Safe for Traveling? No doubt, it is totally 100 % safe
Nepal, as with most of its neighboring countries, continues to be, not only one of the world's best travel values, but a safe one as well. Nepalese are peaceful and tolerant people, comprised mainly of Buddhists and Hindu. It is safe as decade-long political unrest is solved; we invite you to take this great opportunity to enjoy lower prices and fewer crowds.

Safety and Security Advice:
The situation in Nepal has always been tourist friendly. Major tourist places like Kathmandu, Nagarkot, Dhulikhel, Pokhara, Chitwan, Lumbini, Annapurna, Langtang, and Everest continue to welcome tourists in large numbers. Tourists have never been directly targeted by the Maoists. Hence, tourists have never been the victims of insurgency activities in Nepal. Travel to and within Nepal is a safe and enjoyable experience. Tourists are advised to use the services of registered and reputed travel and trekking companies and hotels only. By using the services of government registered service providers, you will be ensuring the most comfortable and reliable holiday possible.

Public demonstrations and strikes are popular forms of political expression in Nepal, as in other parts of the world and they may occur on short notice. These demonstrations are usually nonviolent and not directed towards foreigners. During general strikes (called "Bandh" in Nepal), many businesses close, and transportation and city services may be disrupted. Tourist buses, airport downtown-airport shuttle service and rickshaws are the only means of transportation available during bandhs. Travelers are requested to stay either at their hotel or homes or at the most in prominent touristic areas such as Thamel, King's way etc. where no any untoward incidents have taken place, so far. Tourists can also visit places of tourist interest within walking distance from their hotels.

Introduction:
Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and latitudinal variation. This wild variation fosters an incredible variety of ecosystems, the greatest mountain range on earth, thick tropical jungles teeming with a wealth of wildlife, thundering rivers, forested hills and frozen valleys. It has extensive tourist facilities, which vary in quality according to price and location. Tourism has been a major source of foreign currency earning and also a major contributor to our national economy.

Entry and Exit Requirements:
A passport and visa are required for visitors other than Indian nationals. Tourist visas can be purchased upon arrival at Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu and at all other ports of entry. All foreigners must pay an airport exit tax, regardless of the length of their stay. Travelers may contact nearest Royal Nepalese Embassy/Consulates for further information.
Indian nationals do not require visa. However, effective from October 1, 2000 Indians traveling to Nepal by air will have to show upon arrival at entry point either a passport, voter's identity card issued by Election Commission of India, or an identity card with photograph issued by the Central or State Government of India. Children under 10 years need not show any identification.

Information for Travelers:
Nepal has abundance of offers to establish it as a round the year travel destination. Based on this fact, many international tourists are indeed incorporating Nepal in their wishful travel itinerary. Popular tourist areas in Nepal like Kathmandu, Pokhara, Chitwan, Everest Region, Annapurna Region, Langtang Region, Lumbini, Janakpur and others are absolutely free from any sorts of disturbances. This is a clear testimony that travel safety in Nepal is more a perception problem than the actual state of affairs. Nepal Tourism Board (NTB) always recommends travelers to get services through the registered companies which guarantee you safe, reliable, standard and value for money travel services.

Travelling in Nepal typically involves walking for an extended time over rugged, steep terrain, to various luxurious stays during the course of their trip. Many popular trekking routes in Nepal cross passes as high as 18,000 feet. The Nepal Tourism Board requests all existing and potential travelers to exercise extreme caution while trekking at higher altitudes. The safest option for all trekkers is to join an organized group and/or use a reputable firm that provides an experienced guide and porter who communicates in both Nepali and English.

Medical Facilities:
Medical care is widely available in the District head quarters and the towns and cities. Moreover, Kathmandu has the most modern medi-care facilities, equipment and most qualified doctors in order to provide a quality care. Serious illnesses often require evacuation to the nearest adequate medical facility. Illnesses and injuries suffered while on trek in remote areas often require rescue by helicopter. Various private Helicopter Companies including the Nepal Army (at the Airport) provide rescue services. The cost is typically not much. For further information, please contact us.

Medical Insurance:
After the establishment of various international Insurance Companies in the form of joint venture (JV), medical insurance is becoming popular in Nepal. Hence, all travelers are requested to insure through the reputed agencies. However, travelling within Nepal is adequately safe except in some remote government cautioned areas. Please check with your own insurance company to confirm whether your policy applies overseas, including provision for medical evacuation, and for adequacy of coverage. Supplemental health insurance that specifically covers overseas treatment and air evacuation to the nearest adequate medical facility is strongly recommended.

TRAFFIC SAFETY AND ROAD CONDITIONS:
In major tourist destinations the condition of the Roads are fairly well maintained. Those travelling by their own vehicles must carry valid road maps. The East West Highway connects all major cities and towns. The accident rate in Nepal is comparatively very minimal and relatively fatalities from such accidents are rare as compared to other big cities of the globe. Likewise, there are several domestic private airlines operating within the nation, which has tremendously helped to connect the remote part of the country to the capital.

AIR TRAVEL:
Travelling to Nepal by air is considered safe. Nepal is well connected by a dozen of international airlines from all major cities of Europe and Asia (flight Schedule). It also has a fair no of domestic airlines, which cater to the needs of the travelers domestically. Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) infrastructures have been duly extended in order to meet the rising demand of the air travelers.

Customs Regulations:
All travellers are requested to abide by the custom regulations of Nepal. The facilities that are given to travelers are of international norms except in the cases of heavy-duty import such as valuable metals, articles of archeological and religious importance, wildlife and related articles, drugs, arms and ammunition, and communications equipment.

Environment:
Government of Nepal is very conscious about maintaining the ecological balance. The preservation of the natural resources and conservation of the national heritages has been our prime concern. In order to give a fillip to this concept, Government of Nepal has already brought in to effect the emission control norms for the vehicles. Similarly Government of Nepal is coordinating with various experts, donors, INGOs and NGOs and others to manage the Solid waste management and also controlling the effluents discharged by the industries. As far as conservation and preservation is concerned, Annapurna Conservation (ACAP) area and Nepal's densely populated forests are greatly appreciated models in the world.

Questions?
If you still have questions regarding travel to Nepal and surrounding areas, please do not hesitate to contact us for up to the minute information.

What to do in Nepal?

If this is your first in Nepal, you may be wondering what to see and expect in your trip. So many things of interest for a visitor, such a spectacular topography, such a richness of culture and wealth of flora and fauna all packed in this small country, hardly can you find it anywhere else in the world.
The capital Kathmandu together with towns of Bhaktapur and Patan are medieval cities packed with hundreds of masterpiece temples and stupas, some dating back even second and fifth centuries. It is only in Kathmandu that seven UNESCO declared world heritage sites lies in a periphery of just thirty kilometers. Within moment of arriving in the city, the sights and sounds so different but so friendly will take you in its spell.
This country has such a topographical contrast that elevation ranges from 70 meters above sea level in Jhapa to world's highest mountain, Everest 8848m above sea level. this unique variation has given Nepal a varied eco system, both thick tropical and alpine forest swarmed with diverse wildlife, great peaks of the world, frozen valleys, deep gorges, mysterious caves, furious Himalayan rivers running down the hills and cool and calm lakes. It is the only country in the world where you can see tropical animals like wild elephants, tigers, rhinocerous and also alpine animals like snow leopards.

Nepal is also the home to 2% of all flowering plants in the world, 8% (848 species) of the total birds of the world (more birds than in USA and Canada combined), 11 of 15 butterflies families found in the world (500 species), 600 indigenous plant families and more than 300 species  of  orchid species. And a population of 26 million people with about 60 ethnic groups speaking 70 different languages is a place with vibrant cultures, exotic traditions and festivals, unique art and architectures and above all very friendly people, all very alluring to the visitors.

Being birthplace of Lord Buddha, founder of Buddhism, Lumbini in southern Nepal is visited by Buddhists, from all over the world. The great number of Tibetan refugees with their lamas, rinpochhe and stupas make Nepal a place ideal for those interested in Tibetan Buddhism. Very few people know the secret that original tibetan culture survives in remote and exotic Nepali villages bordering with Tibet and inhabited by people of Tibetan origin, rather than in Tibet itself.

And not the least, Nepal is home to the world's highest mountain, Mt. Everest eight out of 10 highest mountains of the world lie in Nepal Himalayas and dozens of other peaks above 6000 meters are also in Nepal. This makes Nepal, undoubtedly, the best place for trekking. If it is mountains that you want to see it is Nepal and nowhere else in the world. You might come to see the Himalayas and trek among the worlds highest mountains but once you are here you will discover so much more. All this makes a trip to Nepal a life time experience.
Just because Nepal is poor and not adequately publicized in world forums, otherwise Nepal has the potential to be one of the most popular holiday destinations among the seekers of culture and mountain adventure.

Fact of the Country

Nepal General Information
Quick Facts
Location: Between India and Tibet
Area: 140,800 sq km
Population: 26 million
Capital city: Kathmandu (1.5 million)

People: Brahmins, Chhetris, Newars, Tibetans, Gurungs, Magars, Tamangs, Bhotias, Rais, Limbus, Sherpas
Language: Nepali
Religion: 75-80% Hindu, 15% Buddhist, 3% Muslim, rest others
Government: Parliamentary democracy

Time: GMT plus five hours 45 minutes
Electricity: 220V, 50 Hz

Nepal MapHistory
Nepal is a historical and ancient country.There are references about Nepal in early Hindu texts of Mahabharata and Puranas ,  as many sages used tovisit  Nepal from Gangetic plain of India for spiritual actvities in the Nepal himalayas.Buddha was born in the city state of  Lumbini in 500 BC in Nepal. The recorded history in Nepal starts from fifth century, the Changunarayan temple in Kathmandu dates back to the same period. The Lichhavi King Amsuvarma (602 AD) married his daughter Bhrikuti with the Tibetan king Shrong tsong Gompo and Buddhism travelled from Nepal to Tibet.The Buddha statues she brought from Nepal to Tibet are seen in Jokhang Temple of Lhasa even today.

After the Lichhavis started the glorious Malla period from 12 th century onward   and continued till 1768. Alll the great art and architecture of Kathmandu are from Malla period. During the Malla period, there were many tiny city states outside kathmandu, each with their own King and a standing army. They were quarreling all the time. The British in India were trying to take advantage of this situation .It was in the same time that the King Prithvinarayan from Gorkha started to unify the country and the conquest of Kathmandu valley concluded the project in 1768.

In 1846,   in a bloody court massacre the then general killed all the important figures of the state and took power from the king for next one century or more. They were the Ranas. Nepal remained closed to the outer world till 1950.

In 1950 there was a popular revolt against the Ranas which toppled them and established democracy. Before democracy was well established it was now the King's turn to snatch the power, he dismissed the parliament and elected prime minister .Nepalese had to wait till 1990 to see democracy again. But soon after the democracy was restablished, there started a communist guerrilla war and which has just ended and we have now all party coalition government. Now the country is heading for a election to elect constituent assembly to make new constitution.

Geography
Almost rectangular in size and landlocked between India and Tibet, Nepal is a small country measuring 1, 47,181 sq km in area. Nepal is roughly the size of England with an rough average of 800km in length (east west) and 200km in width (north south). From the south to the north, Nepal can be divided into three main physical belts, each of which extends east to west across the country.

The Terai Plain
The Terai which is the extension of the Genetic Plain forms the boarder with India. It is the home to Tropical flora and fauna, the famous wetlands and is a fertile land for agriculture. The world famous Chitwan National Park is located in the Terai region.

The mid hills
The 2nd region lying north to the Terai is the mid hills of Churia and Mahabharat hill ranges.
The Churia Range, which is sparsely populated, rises to an altitude of more than 1200 metres. The Kathmandu and Pokhara valleys come under this Mahabharat range.

Between the Mahabharat range and Himalayas is another mountain ranges about 80 km in width and 2400m -4200m in elevation, this is the habitat of the famous Sherpas and Tamangs. .

The Himalaya region
North to the mid hills lie The Great Himalaya Range, ranging in elevation from 4200 to 8848 metres and  contains many of the world's highest peaks--Everest, Kanchenjunga I, Lhotse I, Makalu I, Cho Oyu, Dhaulagiri I, Manaslu I, and Annapurna I - all of them above 8000 metres. Except for scattered settlements in high mountain valleys, this entire area is generally uninhabited.

Beyond the Himalayan ranges there are few Nepali villages like Mustang which are the ideal places to observe Tibetan culture in its intact form.

In Nepal altitude generally increases as one travels from south to north.

Flora and fauna
Nepal has it all –tropical, temperate and alpine flora and fauna. The species of flora and fauna available in such a small country is really mind boggling.

Nepal has 6500 known species of tress, shrubs and wild flowers. Nepal bags more than 300 species of orchids.

In May and April you see the whole hill in bloom with rhododendron while there will be grand scenery of wild flowers in rain shadow zones of Dolpo and Mustang during summer days.

Similarly, there are more than 800 species, almost 10 % of world's bird species found in Nepal. This number is greater than total birds found in USA and Canada combined!

Nepal also boasts to be the home of Bengal tiger. Rhinos, elephants, deers, wild bison and crocodiles just to mention the few. Many National parks and conservation areas are established to protect the habitat of these fauna and flora.

World heritage sites
There are a total of 10 world heritage sites declared by UNESCO in Nepal. Out of that the seven are in Kathmandu valley within a periphery of 30 km, which makes Kathmandu a unique destination, an open museum of art.

World heritage sites (Cultural)

  • Kathmandu Durbar square:
  • Patan Durbar square
  • Bhakta pur Durbar Square
  • Swoyambhunath Stup
  • Bouddhanath Stupa
  • Changunarayan Temple
  • Pashupatinath Temple
  • Lumbini Garden

World heritage sites (Natural)

  • Everest National Park (1148sq km)
  • Chitwan National Park (932 sq km)

National parks and conservation areas

  • Everest National Park (1148 sq km)
  • Chitwan National Park (932 sq km)
  • Rara National Park (106 sq km)
  • Bardiya National park (968 sq km)
  • Langtang national Park (1710 sq km)
  • Shey Phoksundo National Park (3555 sq km)
  • Khaptad National Park (225 sq km)
  • Makalu Barun National Park and conservation Area (2330 sq km)

Conservation Area

  • Annapurna Conservation area (2600 sq km)
  • Kanchanjunga Conservation area (2035 sq km)
  • Manaslu Conservation area (1663 sq km)

More information please contact us